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Biggest Crashes in Indian Stock Market


Biggest Crashes in Indian Stock Market

A stock market crash occurs when a market index drops dramatically and unexpectedly on a single day or a few days of trade.


Recently, with the beginning of the war between Russia and Ukraine and a lot of sanctions being imposed on Russia, the stock market saw a crash. Every portfolio is facing a red-side turnaround. Hence, a short-term investment is definitely not advised for now, but for a long-term investment, entering the market in these times can lead to exponential growth in upcoming years.


Biggest crashes in Indian stock market is not a new thing, each and every year the stock market faces one or two crashes due to various different reasons. A stock market crash lowers investor economic stability and wipes away investor wealth as shares decline in value. Traders resort to selling their holdings for pennies on the dollar. Investors are also refusing to participate in the acquisition of shares due to a lack of confidence.

What is a stock market crash?

The stock market, as we all know, is a market that never stops moving. If we look at the prices of individual equities, we will see that they fluctuate during the trading day. Also, when the stock market index, which is a representative group of them, falls precipitously, there is a terrified cry that frequently increases.

The key question that comes here, though, is what is actually involved in the things that are behind such things. And what gives rise to them? Are there any repercussions to this? So let's take a closer look at all our questions and let's see what their answers are. Not only that, but we will also look at what you need to know before anything affects your own portfolio.  We are reading "what is a stock market crash?". Lets know more deeper and further we will the Biggest crashes in Indian stock market.

What tends to happen when the stock market plummets?

There are numerous definitions of the word "stock market crash." Few people consider a crash to be a crash if stocks lose a lot of money in a single day.

Others, on the other hand, may simply state that the crash may result in a major loss in the value of the stock market and that the values of overall shares will often decline in a very short period of time.

However, if we take a closer look, we can see that the confidence or value that was placed in publicly traded assets began to dwindle, resulting in a stock market crash.


This crash has a significant impact on investors because it forces them to sell their positions as well as shifts them away from investing on a regular and active basis in the direction of keeping their money in cash or the equivalent.

There could also be a Biggest crashes in Indian stock market. but it can be quite limited at times. Other times, however, the effects may be pervasive or long-lasting.

What factors contribute to a stock market crash?

Why this stock market crash occurred is a simple yet complicated question. Because of the biggest crashes in Indian stock market, the risk factors have risen significantly. The long period of economic and market growth was the primary cause of the crash.

The main drivers of bull markets are economic confidence, consistent stock gains, and the unemployment rate. Prices rise significantly when there is a large amount of selling of stocks.


However, in the world of securities, we can't expect prices to continue rising indefinitely, and bull markets can only last so long before something happens to turn the tide.

It could be a general shift in sentiment, but more often than not, the events that could occur are precipitous.

The biggest crashes in Indian stock market can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

1. Panic: The very first crash contributing factor is panic. Stock owners who are concerned about the worth of their financial assets sell their shareholdings to safeguard their finances; as valuations start to fall, the anxiety continues to propagate, further sales occur, and it can cause a crash.

Anything from a significant business player experiencing money issues to concerns about the effects of particular regulations can end up causing a large number of stockholders to feel fear and sell their stocks.

2. Innate disasters: This category includes a wide range of disasters, from massive flooding to battles to outbreaks. Consider the coronavirus-caused crash in March 2020. As the spread of COVID-19 became clear, the financial prospects for the United States and other nations around the globe became bleak. While nations officially confirmed travel restrictions, required company closures, and inoculations, customers loaded up on vital resources, eventually triggering scarcity. Businesses started to safeguard profitability through layoffs and furloughs, and shareholders resold equity.

3. Economic crises: trouble in one sector or sector of the economy often has a cascading effect on the rest of the economy. One example is the subprime mortgage crisis, which occurred in 2007-2008. Liberalization in the financial sector in the previous decade had caused a spike in home loans to elevated loans since the start of the decade. Whenever these debtors start to fall behind on their payouts, real estate rates fall and the real estate market crashes. Too often, several of the current home loans have indeed been produced commercially by investment firms, which have lost billions of dollars on them.
When large corporations started to deteriorate, the share market responded violently.

The Dow Jones Industrial Index fell 3,600 points between September 19 and October

4. Assumptions: Once individuals and businesses buy shares in an industry in the optimism that such an investment or reliability will increase in value or be predicated on prospective expected outcomes, a hypothesis frequently facilitates the formation of aburst. If the performance is below expectations, falls short of expectations as well as excitement falls short of actuality, the bubble economy collapses and a price spike takes place.

Is it possible to avoid the crashes or biggest crashes in Indian stock market?

You can't prevent the stock market from crashing. There is really no exact way to do it. But the government has now added the safeguards so that severe drops as well as upsets in market stability can be prevented.

The loop breaker is one strategy that was implemented following the 1987 wreck. The goal of this metric is to give experts and shareholders sufficient time to assemble precise data before attempting to make trading judgements.

Let's take a look at some of the 2020 Biggest crashes in Indian stock market and their reasons. 


Let’s begin.

1. Stock Market Crash of 2020

Early 2020 began with the uprising of the Covid-19 which later on turned out to be pandemic. As the chart of covid was growing exponentially, the chart of Stock Market faced a constant downside turn. Although the economy recovered from the slump, the fear of the pandemic that struck the stock market can still be seen in the hearts of the investors. This is among the list of Biggest crashes in Indian stock market.

2. Stock Market Crash of 2016

February of 2016 saw a stock market crash with the speculations of the GST bill in the Budget of 2017. Along with GST a declined price of Oil is also considered to be a reason for the crash in the year 2016. The drop, according to experts, was triggered by hasty stock market selling in India in response to a downturn in the latter's markets.


The country's stock market crashed again in November 2016 as a result of demonetization. 

3. Stock Market Crash of 2007-2008

Years 2007 and 2008 are considered to be the years of financial crises in which the stock market faced various crashes and recovery. Many people lost their jobs, finances, or houses as a result of the Great Recession that followed. The market downturn that culminated in the 2008 catastrophe started a year earlier, in October 2007. Following the October 2007 highs, the market progressively declined for over a year until collapsing on September 29, 2008. It is recession time Biggest crashes in Indian stock market.


Over the next six months, the losses continued until they reached a nadir in March 2009. This stock market crash is a huge topic in itself which we will cover in one of our future blogs. For the following four years, investors had to bear the emotional scars of the catastrophe. 

4. Stock Market Crash of 1992

Finally the most famous & Biggest crashes in Indian stock market. The crash of the very famous Harshad Mehta Scam. Mehta took advantage of loopholes for his own gain, manipulated the market, and was implicated in several bank crimes. Stamp papers, bank receipts, ready forward trades, and rising interest rates were major instruments in the big swindle.


The scandal involved a Rs 1439 crore misappropriation, which resulted in a serious cash shortage and a significant loss of value in the life savings of many investors, totaling Rs 3542 crores.

So these the Biggest crashes in Indian stock market till year 2020.

What should you do if the stock market goes down?

First and foremost, do not worry and sell out. Yes, it's tough to keep on while watching your asset allocation dwindle. However, offloading once valuations are dropping is very seldom a great tactic. Markets tend to react in the moment, but if you sell when shareholdings are cheap, you will most likely lose money over time.

One advanced objective is to make sure that your asset allocation contains a diverse range of marketable securities. These are securities that are less affected by business breakdowns and are typically found in businesses deemed crucial, including utilities and food. They may suffer revenue damage if the economy collapses. Even so, it may be less than it is with recurring equity in firms that rely heavily on a thriving financial system to prosper.

The Financial Takeaway

Marketplaces move up and down as part of their innate loop. Whereas economic collisions can result in burdensome failures, the financial system always recovers. This makes a good argument for investing money with a long-term perspective. Which entails developing solid holdings that can withstand market price drops as well as providing a nice blend of equities that will develop once the economy is decent and keep you going once money is tight.

Though the prospect of a financial meltdown is frightening, recovery will occur ultimately. All you have to do is engage wisely to reduce your risks and keep a close eye on the market situation.

To learn more about stock market, you can join our Lakshya Batch.

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